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Scriptural proofs for the TULIP: Limited Atonement (Particular Redemption)

Christ atoned for the sins of His people, those who will be eternally saved. There is a crucial distinction between sufficiency and efficiency. Christ’s atonement is universally sufficient, but efficacious specifically for those elected to eternal salvation, according to God’s design and elective appointment. Everyone who believes the Bible, including Calvinists and Arminians, believes in some form of “limited atonement” by Christ. The only alternative is universal salvation, that is, everyone who ever lived will be eternally saved. In a series of helpful articles on the canons, the Rev. Daniel Hyde observes, “This doctrine is difficult because language can be difficult. … Modern terminology oversimplifies historical complexities.” Though “Limited Atonement” is not mentioned in the Canons of Dort, the concept of Jesus’ all-sufficient sacrifice that substitutes particularly for His elect people is taught in the Canons of Dort, as well as Scripture.

(II Peter 1:1-2) “To those who have obtained a faith of equal standing with ours by the righteousness of our God and Savior Jesus Christ:
May grace and peace be multiplied to you in the knowledge of God and of Jesus our Lord.”

(Romans 3:20-28) “For by works of the law no human being will be justified in his sight, since through the law comes knowledge of sin.
But now the righteousness of God has been manifested apart from the law, although the Law and the Prophets bear witness to it — the righteousness of God through faith in Jesus Christ for all who believe. For there is no distinction: for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, and are justified by his grace as a gift, through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus, whom God put forward as a propitiation by his blood, to be received by faith. This was to show God’s righteousness, because in his divine forbearance he had passed over former sins. It was to show his righteousness at the present time, so that he might be just and the justifier of the one who has faith in Jesus.
Then what becomes of our boasting? It is excluded. By what kind of law? By a law of works? No, but by the law of faith. For we hold that one is justified by faith apart from works of the law.”

(I John 2:2) “He [Jesus] is the propitiation for our sins, and not for ours only but also for the sins of the whole world.”

(I Timothy 4:10) “We have our hope set on the living God, who is the Savior of all people, especially of those who believe.”

(Matthew 26:28) “For this is my [Jesus’] blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins.”

(Ephesians 1:3-7) “Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us in Christ with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places, even as he chose us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and blameless before him. In love he predestined us for adoption as sons through Jesus Christ, according to the purpose of his will, to the praise of his glorious grace, with which he has blessed us in the Beloved. In him we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of our trespasses, according to the riches of his grace.”

(Ephesians 5:2) “… Christ loved us and gave himself up for us, a fragrant offering and sacrifice to God.”

(I Peter 2:24) “He himself bore our sins in his body on the tree, that we might die to sin and live to righteousness. By his wounds you have been healed.”

(John 1:12-13) “To all who did receive him [Jesus Christ], who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God, who were born, not of blood nor of the will of the flesh nor of the will of man, but of God.”

(Colossians 1:13-14, 22, 2:14) “He has delivered us from the domain of darkness and transferred us to the kingdom of his beloved Son, in whom we have redemption, the forgiveness of sins. … he has now reconciled in his body of flesh by his death, in order to present you holy and blameless and above reproach before him … by canceling the record of debt that stood against us with its legal demands. This he set aside, nailing it to the cross.”

(John 11:49-52) “Caiaphas, who was high priest that year, said to them, ‘You know nothing at all. Nor do you understand that it is better for you that one man should die for the people, not that the whole nation should perish.’ He did not say this of his own accord, but being high priest that year he prophesied that Jesus would die for the nation, and not for the nation only, but also to gather into one the children of God who are scattered abroad.”

(I Peter 1:18-19) “Knowing that you were ransomed from the futile ways inherited from your forefathers, not with perishable things such as silver or gold, but with the precious blood of Christ, like that of a lamb without blemish or spot.”

(Galatians 3:13-14) “Christ redeemed us from the curse of the law by becoming a curse for us — for it is written, ‘Cursed is everyone who is hanged on a tree’ — so that in Christ Jesus the blessing of Abraham might come to the Gentiles, so that we might receive the promised Spirit through faith.”

(Mark 10:45) “For even the Son of Man came not to be served but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many.”

(II Corinthians 8:9) “For you know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that though he was rich, yet for your sake he became poor, so that you by his poverty might become rich.”

(I Corinthians 6:20) “For you were bought with a price.”

(John 10:14-15, 27-29) “I am the good shepherd. I know my own and my own know me, just as the Father knows me and I know the Father; and I lay down my life for the sheep. … My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me. I give them eternal life, and they will never perish, and no one will snatch them out of my hand. My Father, who has given them to me, is greater than all, and no one is able to snatch them out of the Father’s hand.”

(Revelation 22:17) “The Spirit and the Bride say, ‘Come.’ And let the one who hears say, ‘Come.’ And let the one who is thirsty come; let the one who desires take the water of life without price.”

(Psalm 49:7-9) “Truly no man can ransom another,
or give to God the price of his life,
for the ransom of their life is costly
and can never suffice,
that he should live on forever
and never see the pit.”

(John 6:37-40) “All that the Father gives me will come to me, and whoever comes to me I will never cast out. For I have come down from heaven, not to do my own will but the will of him who sent me. And this is the will of him who sent me, that I should lose nothing of all that he has given me, but raise it up on the last day. For this is the will of my Father, that everyone who looks on the Son and believes in him should have eternal life, and I will raise him up on the last day.”

(Romans 8:33, 38-39) “Who shall bring any charge against God’s elect? It is God who justifies. …
For I am sure that neither death nor life, nor angels nor rulers, nor things present nor things to come, nor powers, nor height nor depth, nor anything else in all creation, will be able to separate us from the love of God in Christ Jesus our Lord.”

(Galatians 4:4-5) “But when the fullness of time had come, God sent forth his Son, born of woman, born under the law, to redeem those who were under the law, so that we might receive adoption as sons.”

(John 17:9) “I [Jesus] am praying for them. I am not praying for the world but for those whom you have given me, for they are yours.”

(Revelation 5:9-10) “And they sang a new song, saying,
‘Worthy are you to take the scroll
and to open its seals,
for you were slain, and by your blood you ransomed people for God
from every tribe and language and people and nation,
and you have made them a kingdom and priests to our God,
and they shall reign on the earth.'”

(Matthew 22:1-7) “And again Jesus spoke to them in parables, saying, ‘The kingdom of heaven may be compared to a king who gave a wedding feast for his son, and sent his servants to call those who were invited to the wedding feast, but they would not come. Again he sent other servants, saying, ‘Tell those who are invited, ‘See, I have prepared my dinner, my oxen and my fat calves have been slaughtered, and everything is ready. Come to the wedding feast.’ But they paid no attention and went off, one to his farm, another to his business, while the rest seized his servants, treated them shamefully, and killed them. The king was angry, and he sent his troops and destroyed those murderers and burned their city.'”

(John 3:16-21) “For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life. For God did not send his Son into the world to condemn the world, but in order that the world might be saved through him. Whoever believes in him is not condemned, but whoever does not believe is condemned already, because he has not believed in the name of the only Son of God.
And this is the judgment: the light has come into the world, and people loved the darkness rather than the light because their works were evil. For everyone who does wicked things hates the light and does not come to the light, lest his works should be exposed. But whoever does what is true comes to the light, so that it may be clearly seen that his works have been carried out in God.”

(Romans 4:5-8) “To the one who does not work but believes in him who justifies the ungodly, his faith is counted as righteousness, just as David also speaks of the blessing of the one to whom God counts righteousness apart from works:
‘Blessed are those whose lawless deeds are forgiven,
and whose sins are covered;
blessed is the man against whom the Lord will not count his sin.'”

(Genesis 15:6) “And he [Abraham] believed the LORD, and he counted it to him as righteousness.”

(Habakkuk 2:4) “… But the righteous shall live by his faith.”

(Romans 1:17) “For in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith for faith, as it is written, ‘The righteous shall live by faith.'”

(Hebrews 9:11-14) “But when Christ appeared as a high priest of the good things that have come … he entered once for all into the holy places, not by means of the blood of goats and calves but by means of his own blood, thus securing an eternal redemption. For if the blood of goats and bulls, and the sprinkling of defiled persons with the ashes of a heifer, sanctify for the purification of the flesh, how much more will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without blemish to God, purify our conscience from dead works to serve the living God.”

(II Corinthians 5:21) “For our sake he made him to be sin who knew no sin, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God.”

(Hebrews 13:20-21) “Now may the God of peace who brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, the great shepherd of the sheep, by the blood of the eternal covenant, equip you with everything good that you may do his will, working in us that which is pleasing in his sight, through Jesus Christ, to whom be glory forever and ever. Amen.”

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church history, epistemology, Reformation, soteriology